|Region||Year ended||HHI||HHI previous year||HHI change||HHI percentage change (%)||Region rank||Region rank previous year||Region rank change|
|Bay of Plenty||31/12/2020||3110.908||3365.127||-254.219||-7.56||16||16||0|
This report shows two measures of market concentration based on ICPs in the retail market, the Herfindahl-Hirschman Index (HHI) and concentration ratios (CRX). Lower numbers indicate a less concentrated market and higher numbers a more concentrated market. In concentrated markets with one or two large players and few competitors, there is generally less incentive for the large players to offer competitive pricing or to innovate.
The Herfindahl-Hirschman index (HHI) is a measure of market concentration. This metric is derived from parent company share of ICPs for the market segment selected in each regional market where retailers operate and compete. The regional markets are represented by the pricing regions or network reporting regions. The HHI presented for other region types is the connection weighted average of the HHI for the network reporting regions.
Concentration ratios (CR) measure the share of the market held within a specified number of the largest companies. In this report the user can select the number of firms between one and four. This metric is derived from parent company share of ICPs for the market segment selected in each regional market where retailers operate and compete. The regional markets are represented by the pricing regions or network reporting regions. The concentration ratio presented for other regions is the connection weighted average of the concentration ratio for the network reporting regions.
The annual change in HHI and concentration ratios is available as either a change in the concentration measure or as a percentage change across the twelve month period. For example: if the CR1 dropped from 80 per cent to 70 per cent in a year. The annual change is a drop of 10 per cent whereas the percentage change is a drop of 12.5 per cent being the change in the measure across the year relative to where the measure started (-10/80).
Market segment breakdowns are available from September 2013 when ANZSIC codes were introduced into the registry in a field maintained by the trader. No breakdown is available at NSP level. Market segments are not mutually exclusive. Residential connections have no ANZSIC code. Small and Medium Enterprise (SME) connections are defined as those assigned meter categories 1 and 2 (low voltage up to 500A) with an ANZSIC code excluding those relating to central or local government and other utility services. Industrial connections have ANZSIC codes from A through E while commercial connections use ANZSIC codes F through Z. More information on ANZSIC codes is available at www.stats.govt.nz.
Region types are either network based or derived from standard statistical boundaries. Network-based regions are network supply points (NSPs), network reporting regions, and zones. Mappings are available in the NSP table which is available as a wholesale report. Other regions are derived from ICP location data and statistical boundaries (2013 census). ICPs without location data default to the location of their NSP. Main centres use Territorial Authority boundaries (City Councils) where Wellington includes Porirua City, Upper Hutt City, Lower Hutt City, and Wellington City. Many data reports allow for the selection ‘All regions’ (where the regions are not the data series) to get data for all regions in a single file. Regions are listed in a North to South ordering, except for NSPs which are listed alphabetically.
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